Kilasbandung.com – Data shows that Indonesia’s plastic waste entering the sea is reduced by 28.5 percent from 2018 to 2021. Therefore, some time ago at the 2nd Ocean Conference in Lisbon last June, Indonesia received appreciation from other countries regarding concrete efforts in handling waste. , including marine plastic waste. In addition, Indonesia has committed to managing the handling of marine waste up to 70 percent by 2025.
“In the past three years, we have succeeded in reducing waste by 28.5 percent. Although it is still far from the target in 2025, which is 70 percent. This will be a challenge for all of us, how to catch up with the acceleration in 2025,” said the Deputy Assistant for Waste and Waste Management, Deputy for Environmental and Forestry Management Coordination, Rofi Alhanif at the Maritime Space Webinar: Optimizing Marine Waste Management in Indonesia on Saturday (16-07). -2022).
In reducing waste leaking into the sea, Assistant Secretary Rofi explained that the government and all parties also need to pay attention to waste management from upstream to downstream. ), applying the concept of a circular economy, and preventing waste from ending up in Final Disposal Sites (TPA).
“The government is also aggressively promoting the concept of a sustainable economy or circular economy through the 5R principles in accordance with the implementation of the Making Indonesia 4.0 roadmap,” he explained.
The 5Rs include Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recovery, and Repair. One of Making Indonesia 4.0’s priority programs is to accommodate sustainability standards.
Asdep Rofi also explained that currently Indonesia is forming the concept of a “University Network” to monitor plastic waste in Indonesia using artificial intelligence (AI)-based drones.
“Yesterday we had discussions with a university in Germany that already has an algorithm using drones. The drone will monitor the river or coast, from there this drone can accumulate how much marine plastic is,” explained Asdep Rofi.
Through this technology, it is hoped that Indonesia can adapt and cooperate with marine universities in Indonesia. This is one of the government’s efforts to pursue the target of reducing marine plastic by 70 percent by 2025.
Furthermore, based on Presidential Decree No. 83 of 2018 concerning the Handling of Marine Debris, Indonesia has compiled five strategies in the National Action Plan (RAN). The five strategies include a national movement to increase stakeholder awareness, waste management from land, and waste management on the coast and the sea. In addition, the government will also establish funding mechanisms, institutional strengthening, supervision, and law enforcement, as well as conducting research and development.
The government has also formed a national waste management team chaired by the Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Luhut B. Pandjaitan and daily chairperson by the Minister of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya Bakar.